According to Deuteronomy the church (Greek: ekklēsia) began as the assembly at Mount Sinai (Deut 9:10). Then because the Jews rejected Christ as their Messiah, the kingdom of God was taken from them and given to the Gentiles (Matt 21:43). Thus Jesus’ final words to his disciples were to ‘make disciples of all the Gentile nations (Matt 28:19). The times of the Gentiles will end at the second coming of Christ (Luke 21:27) when “all Israel will be saved” (Rom 11:26-27).