A chiasm is a literary structure where vocabulary of the first section of a passage is repeated in reverse order in the second. The center of the chiasm is typically the climax of the passage. In John 12:12-19 the center and climax is the crowd shouting, “Hosanna! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord, even the King of Israel.” Jesus, as it is written, “Fear not, daughter of Zion; behold, your King is coming, seated on a donkey’s colt” (John 12:13b-15).
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