The verse in the Bible that uses the most language from Genesis 1:2 is Deuteronomy 32:9-12. Here the Hebrew words ‘eres (earth, land), tohu (formless, waste), and rahap (moving, hovering) are all used. For tohu and rahap, these are the only two usages in the Pentateuch. The use of rahap in Deuteronomy 32:11 to describe an eagle shows us that the Holy Spirit was hovering over the earth in creation just as the Holy Spirit hovered over Israel in the glory cloud leading them from Egypt to Canaan.