A chiasm is a literary structure where the words the first section of a passage are repeated in reverse order in the second. Typically whatever is in the center of the chiasm is what is being emphasized. The center of Joel 2:28-29 is a prophecy indicating on whom the Holy Spirit would be poured on

A chiasm is a literary structure where the words of the first section of a passage are repeated in the second. Typically whatever is in the center of the chiasm is what is being emphasized. In Joel 2:26b-27 the emphasis is on the truth that when Israel is not put to shame it is an